A passport photo is a type of small photo as a personal identity that covers the area from the head to the chest of a person. In Indonesia, the passport photo has three standard sizes, namely 2X3, 3X4 and 4X6 sizes. In addition to having these three sizes, a photo usually has a background color, including red and blue, of which the two background colors are usually for the purposes of an identity card (KTP). The color red is usually synonymous for people with even birth years and blue for people with odd birth years.
Use of Photographs in Indonesia
- A 2 × 3 photo has a size of 20 x 28mm and is commonly used on National Identity Cards (KTP), Mengemdui Permits (SIM) and Marriage Books;
- For 3 × 4 photos has a size of 28 x 38mm which is the size most often used in various everyday purposes such as use for CVs, photos on diplomas and certificates;
- And for 4 × 6 photographs having a size of 38 x 58mm and usually used when making Police Notes (SKCK).
How to make a photo pass is not difficult, using the Photoshop application you can change the background as well as manipulate other photos such as cutting the photo area and can also smooth the edits to make it look more realistic by using several tools available in Photoshop.
For those of you who want to try photo manipulation for the purposes of using Photosop (in this tutorial we use Adobe Photoshop CS3), you can follow the steps that we will share below
Making a Photograph Using Adobe Photoshop
- First you have to have the application first, if you don’t have it you can download it – & gt; Download Adobe Photoshop CS3
- After successfully downloading and installing it, open the Adobe Photoshop application by double-clicking the photoshop icon
- After that it will open a work area like the following image
- Enter the photo that you want to edit, you can do this by clicking File> Open or you can also press ctrl + O
In this tutorial we are using simple photos, if you want to make a photo, you should use photos with formal clothes or at least neat and collared clothes
How to Crop a photo using Photoshop
- As an example, we are going to make a 3 × 4 photograph with a size of 28 x 38mm. In the Tool Box, please select the Crop Tool icon or you can press the C key on the keyboard as a shortcut to activate the Crop Tool.
- Please fill in Width with 28mm, Height (height) 38mm and Resolution 300px / in.
- please adjust the position of the photo so that it is proportional to the standard passport photo. When it fits, hit Enter and the photo will be cropped as needed.
Select Photos before removing Background
- Before changing the photo background, first convert the image into a layer by clicking on the Layers panel.
- If the layer panel is not active, click Windows Menu & gt; Layers. Double click on the text Background. A New Layer window will appear, leave the layer name as Layer 0 and click Ok.
- Next, separate the photo object with the photo background. The trick is to use the Tool Box> Polygonal Lasso Tools or you can press the L key as a shortcut.
At this stage you need a little patience and thoroughness so that the edits still look realistic. To use the Polygonal Lasso Tools click on the corner of the photo then drag the cursor over the area that you want to split, click to make points on the curved or curved area.
To help make editing easier you can zoom in, zoom out and drag objects (drag) using the following shortcuts:
Zoom In: Ctrl + (+);
Zoom Out: Ctrl + (-);
Drag: press and hold Space then drag using mouse;
Erase Points: use keys Delete.
The final result will roughly look like the following image, where the last point will be drawn meets the first point. If the line that you have made becomes a dotted line, it indicates that we have successfully made a selection using the Polygonal Lasso Tools.
Make photos look more realistic
Before removing the background we should give a little touch so that the photo doesn’t look “floating” when we paste it with another background. As an illustration you can see it in the following image.
On the left object the photo background is immediately deleted after being selected using the Polygonal Lasso Tools so that it looks rough and stiff. For the second object (middle), it can be seen that the curves of the object look not as rough as the first object. And for the three objects, the sides of the object look smoother and don’t seem to stick to the background. We can apply this method so that the photo doesn’t seem stiff when we paste it on a different background.
- To add a non-grainy effect to the photo, click Menu Select > Modify > Smooth, fill in the Sample Radius values as needed. A value of 2 to 4 is usually sufficient.
- To add a subtle effect, click on Menu Select> Modify> Feather, fill in the Feather Radius value as needed. A value of 1 to 1.5 is usually sufficient.
Removing and changing the Photo Background
- After we give the photo a touch of Smooth and Feather, the next step is to remove the background of the photo by pressing the Delete key on the keyboard. The photo will look like the following image, to remove the selection (dotted line) you can use the shortcut Ctrl + D.
- Finally, adding a background to the photo is by duplicating the screen. In the Layers Panel right click Layer 0 then select Duplicate Layer … or you can use the shortcut Ctrl + J.
- Now the layer will be increased to two, namely Layer 0 copy and Layer 0. In the Tool Box, change the Background color as needed, for example, blue. Change the active layer to Layer 0. Use the shortcut Ctrl + Delete to change the background color on Layer 0 (active layer) according to the background color on the Tool Box.
The final result will look like the image below.
For editing needs (so that it is easy to change the background color without re-editing from scratch) save the created document in Photoshop format (.psd). Before printing, make sure you combine the two layers by clicking the Layer Menu> Flatten Image. How to make a photo fit using Photoshop above is a beginner tutorial, where you can expand it to produce better edits.